BROWN-SEQUARD'S SYNDROME - Loss of sensation of touch, position sense and movement on the side of a spinal cord lesion, with loss of pain sensation on the other side. OPHTHALMOPLEGIA - Paralysis of one or more of the eye muscles. eyelid. Teeth Whitening Bonding BACTERIOSTATIC - Inhibiting or retarding the growth of bacteria. LEUKOENCEPHALITIS - An inflammation of the white matter of the brain. _______ ______________ of the earth's natural resources often brings short-term gain to some people, but long-term loss of resources for many people and animals. RADIATION PHYSICIST - A person having a PhD degree trained in the science dealing with the properties, changes and interactions of continuous energy. anti*: against <> The range of high quality surgical drapes and gowns is developed to provide the best possible barrier against bacterial migration in all surgical procedures. PAPILLEDEMA - Swelling of the optic nerve head that can be seen in the back of the retina during eye examination. QUADRIPLEGIA - Paralysis of all four limbs. WebHlth 125 Chapter 10 Word Surgery. ). Believe it or not, there are many people today who have had a gastrectomy and live without a stomach; some of them need to eat fairly steadily and carefully through the day, but many lead almost completely normal and even vigorous lives. A destructive change in brain tissue, such as a wound, injury or inflammation. ABSCESS- A circumscribed collection of pus. POST-ICTAL (POSTICTAL) - State following a seizure, often characterized by altered function of the limbs and/or mentation. Medical terminology for surgeons pertaining to surgical instruments and well as surgical and diagnostic procedures, amniocentesis (surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove fluid for laboratory analysis; an obstetrical procedure), osteoclasis (intentional surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity), arthrodesis (fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces), appendectomy (surgical removal of the appendix), electrocardiogram (record of the electrical activity of the heart), electrocardiograph (instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart, electrocardiography (the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart), anesthetize (to induce a state of anesthesia; to make one feelingless), dialysis (the removal or detachment of certain elements from the blood or lymph by passing them through a semipermeable membrane, pelvimeter (instrument used to measure the diameter and capacity of the pelvis), pelvimetry (process of measuring the dimensions of the pelvis), biopsy (removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or part of the body for viewing under a microscope), colpopexy (surgical fixation of a relaxed vaginal wall), rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose in which the structure of the nose is changed), nephrorrhaphy (the operation of suturing the kidney), ophthalmoscope (instrument used to view the interior of the eye), ophthalmoscopy (the process of using an ophthalmoscope to view the interior of the eye), colostomy (surgical creation of a new opening between the colon and the surface of the body), lithotripsy (crushing of a stone in the bladder; may be accomplished by ultrasound or by laser). MENINGOCELE - A protrusion of the coverings of the spinal cord or brain through a defect in the skull or vertebral column. A test to identify the bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, responsible for the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhoea. HEMIATROPHY - Atrophy of half of an organ or half of the body. Opto*, Opth*: refer to vision Creatine phosphokinase: an enzyme present in various tissue types. Relating to or near the lower back between the ribs and the hipbones. Coronary: refer to the heart endobj CRANIOPHARYNGIOMA - Tumor arising from the embryonic duct between the brain and pharynx. MEDULLOBLASTOMA - Tumor composed of medulloblasts, which are cells that develop in the roof of the fourth ventricle (medullary velum). Common suffixes. WebStudy with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like akinesia, amnesia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and more. ANESTHESIOLOGIST - Physician who administers pain-killing medications and monitors complications and reactions during surgery. Bilirubin is a substance formed when hemoglobin breaks down. Mouth like surgical opening on the surface of the body to create access to an internal organ. Either of two large veins that return oxygen-depleted blood to the right atrium of the heart. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. VERMIS - Middle part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres. Relating to the surgically cutting of or into body tissues or organs. Reduction: bring organ back in position A wand is placed on the skin over the vessel that is to be imaged. fat, bone, muscle, skin). Study the new terms created when the suffixes are RADIOTHERAPY - Treatment of a lesion with radiation. Are Lanette and her in the same homeroom? Through the vagina (the passageway through which fluid passes out of the body during menstrual periods). AXON - The part of a nerve cell that usually sends signals to other nerves or structures. Contact a John C. Lincoln Health Network Charge Specialist. NOTICE HYDROCEPHALUS - A condition, often congenital, marked by abnormal and excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebral ventricles. 2. the place where operative procedures are Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced searchad free! Learn a new word every day. Clear liquid that surrounds and protects the fetus throughout pregnancy. Conjoined, subordinate, or associated anatomic parts. I am worried how safe the operation would be and the post surgery complications? Already, my stamina has $\underline{\hspace{3cm}}$. angiostenosis. A term used to denote the alteration in cell character that constitutes malignancy. HERNIATED NUCLEUS PULPOSUS (HNP) - Extrusion of the central portion of an intervertebral disc through the outer cartilaginous ring. joint. VASOSPASM - Spasm of blood vessels, decreasing their diameter. Pain may be so severe that it causes an involuntary grimace or "tic". All Rights Reserved. One moose, two moose. bursa (a *plegia: meaning paralysis OLIGODENDROGLIOMA - A growth of new cells derived from the oligodendroglia. PORENCEPHALY - Abnormal cavity within brain tissue, usually resulting from outpouching of a lateral ventricle. Angio*refer to a vessel The distinction between the two is clear (now). This is the new friend $\overset{\textit{\color{#c34632}{whom}}}{\sout{\text{who}}}$ I mentioned to you earlier. These cells are involved in the nutrition and maintenance of the nerve cells. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID - Water-like fluid that circulates around and protects the brain and spinal cord. May also be used to facilitate drainage. NEUROPATHY - Any functional or pathologic disturbance in the peripheral nervous system. Angio*: related to blood vessel *pathy: meaning disease Referring to the rope-like cord connecting the fetus to the placenta. The "Master Gland". Gastrectomy. Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, CHOROID PLEXUS - A vascular structure in the ventricles of the brain that produces cerebrospinal fluid. Minimally invasive procedure that accesses coronary circulation and blood-filled chambers of the heart using a catheter. MENINGES - The three membranes covering the spinal cord and brain termed dura mater, arachnoid mater and pia mater. The first section of the small intestine. AMENORRHEA - Absence of the menses due to causes other than pregnancy or age. bladder, lower intestines, uterus (in females); also aids in continence as part of the urinary and anal sphincters. DURA MATER - A tough fibrous membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord, but is separated from them by a small space. Combining forms for color -The ratio of the linear mass density of the thickest string on a guitar to the linear mass density of the thinnest string. hyper*: means excess or exaggeration BELL'S PALSY - Paralysis of facial muscles (usually one side) due to facial nerve dysfunction of unknown cause. STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY - The precise delivery of radiation to a preselected stereotactically localized target. Calculate the standard cell potential and the standard free-energy change (in kilojoules) for each reaction in Problem 17.38. Ex: atraumatic (traumatic) combining vowel - single vowel, usually o, that is added to the root to make pronunciation easier. Diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film. Don't be surprised if none of them want the spotl One goose, two geese. *emesis: meaning to vomit Caused by a lesion limited to one side of spinal cord. RADIOLOGIST - A medical doctor who has received specialized training in interpreting X-rays, CTs, MRIs and performing angiography. Destructive change in skin tissue, such as a wound, injury, or inflammation. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. 5.0 (2 reviews) Term. WebDiabetes Type 1. In x-ray imaging, taken or viewed from front to back (as opposed to from back to front, which is posteroanterior). MYELOPATHY - Any functional or pathologic disturbance in the spinal cord. LAMINA - The flattened or arched part of the vertebral arch, forming the roof of the spinal canal. Laparo*: abdominal, Pace: rate of activity SPINAL FUSION - Operative method of strengthening and limiting motion of the spinal column that can be performed with a variety of metal instruments and bone grafts or bone grafts alone. CRANIOPLASTY - The operative repair of a defect of the skull. -itis: inflammation. That part of a limb that is farthest from the torso. Condition in which weakened pelvic muscles cause the base of the bladder to drop from its usual position down into the vagina. Mucous membrane lining of the inner surface of the uterus that grows during each menstrual cycle and is shed in menstrual blood. It is performed for both diagnostic and interventional (treatment) purposes. GLOBUS PALLIDUS - Part of the basal ganglia, which are brain cells that lie deep in the brain. MYELOGRAM - An x-ray of the spinal canal following injection of a contrast material into the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid spaces. MRA - Magnetic Resonance Angiography. Images of the inside of the joint are projected onto a screen; used to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joint; to detect bone diseases and tumors; to determine the cause of bone pain and inflammation. A group of blood tests performed before and during a pregnancy. The area of the spinal cord located in the neck. To save this word, you'll need to log in. For each optic nerve most of the visual fibers cross to the opposite side, while some run directly backward on each side without crossing. PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI - Raised intracranial pressure, usually causing only headache and papilledema. A test for natriuretic peptide or brain natriuretic peptide, a hormone that is an indicator of how efficiently the heart is working. poly*: meaning many Cardio*: refer to the heart GALACTORRHEA - The discharge of milk from the breasts unassociated with nursing or childbirth. Femoral: at or near the femur exo*: means outside or external Endocrine gland located in the neck that regulates metabolism (the chemical processes in the body) and growth; the gland produces thyroid hormone. (4) have gradually adapted to the environment. Relating to the fibula (calf bone), the outer, narrower, and smaller of the two bones of the lower leg, extending from the knee to the ankle. Varix: permanent abnormal dilation and lengthening of a vein DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY - Damage to the axons of many nerve cells that lie in different parts of the brain. Each operation name will be composed of various units often originated from Latin or Greek terms. Partition of bone and cartilage between the nasal cavities. LEUKODYSTROPHY - Disturbance of the white matter of the brain. You may not need to change the form that is given. A blood test that categorizes blood into one of four types: A, B, AB or O. RADIATION ONCOLOGIST - A medical doctor who has received advanced training in the treatment of persons receiving X-ray treatment for an illness. A substance that is opaque to x-rays. The doctor performed three surgeries this morning. DOPPLER - A non-invasive study that uses sound waves to show the flow in a blood vessel and can be used to determine the degree of narrowing (percent stenosis) of the vessel. SPONDYLOSIS - Degenerative bone changes in the spine usually most marked at the vertebral joints. ANAPLASIA - In the case of a body cell, a reversion to a more primitive condition. The tying of a duct or blood vessel with a ligature to prevent bleeding during surgery. angi/o = vessel ; -stenosis = abnormal narrowing. Accessed 1 Mar. The terms "slipped disc", "ruptured disc" and "herniated disc" are often used interchangeably even though there are subtle differences. Partial thromboplastin time measures the time it takes the blood to clot. David McAuley, Pharm.D. Prefixes denoting measurement Web1 : thing belonging to or connected with especially : place of ovary 2 : person belonging to, connected with, or engaged in functionary -ary 2 of 2 adjective suffix : of, relating to, or CRANIOTOMY - Opening of the skull, usually by creating a flap of bone. MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) - Diagnostic test that produces three-dimensional images of body structures using powerful magnets and computer technology rather than X-rays. (1) are kept in check by natural enemies A non-hospital surgical facility dedicated to providing outpatient surgery and procedures. X-RAY - Application of electromagnetic radiation to produce a film or picture of a bone or soft-tissue area of the body. AshleyRoss93. *penia: refers to the lack or deficiency Webatel: imperfect. GLASGOW OUTCOME SCALE - A widely used system of classifying outcome after head injury or other neurologic diseases. HYDROMYELIA - Expansion of the spinal cord due to increased size of the central canal of the cord, which is filled with CSF. INTRA-AORTIC BALLOON COUNTER PULSATION DEVICE This device is a pump that is inserted into the main vessel of the body (the aorta) to help the heart deliver blood to critical organs such as the brain or kidneys. Coronary arteries come from the aorta to provide blood to the heart muscle. POLYNEURITIS - Inflammation of two or more nerves simultaneously. ANGIOGRAM - A medical imaging report that shows the blood vessels leading to and in the brain, obtained by injecting a dye or contrast substance through a catheter. Copyright 1993-2021 (3) hibernate during the winter months Test. An abnormal excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity. (Laparoscopic Gastric Banding) A common bariatric procedure which involves the placement of an adjustable silicone elastic band on the upper part of the stomach typically using a laparoscopic technique. MYELIN - The fat-like substance that surrounds the axon of nerve fibers and forms an insulating material. bronchiol: bronchiole. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Minimally invasive surgery is an option for many seniors--but it doesn't suit everybody, Residency Training in Robotic General Surgery: A Survey of Program Directors, Gynecologists May Underestimate the Amount of Blood Loss during Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy, Afternoon heart surgery has lower risks of surgery, study finds, Fast-track surgery can help docs to beat cancer, A woman with MS becomes incontinent after surgery, Surgery, Antibiotics, Face Washing and Environmental Improvement. We've crunched the numbers from the NHS England GP Patient Survey of more than a million people including your local practice; We've crunched the numbers from the NHS England GP Patient Survey of more than a million people including your local practice, Which Surgical Approach Is Best for You? WebThis study guide will help build your vocabulary, both in word parts and in surgical terms. An employer provided or personally purchased insurance policy that provides coverage for health care services. A band of scar tissue that joins normally separated internal body structures, most often after surgery, inflammation, or injury in the area. MENINGOENCEPHALOCELE - A protrusion of both the meninges and brain tissue through a skull defect. Vascular: which convey fluids a* or an*: without in the meaning of deprived of A test to measure the clotting tendency of blood. VALVE - Device placed in a shunt system to regulate the rate and direction of CSF flow. SHUNT - A tube or device implanted in the body to divert excess CSF away from the brain to another place in the body. SACCULAR ANEURYSM - A balloon-like outpouching of a vessel (the more common type of aneurysm). First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION - Collection of blood vessels with one or several abnormal connections between arteries and veins, which may cause hemorrhage or seizures. Additional sources referenced for glossary term definitions include: Glossary of Medical Terms: Common Procedures and Tests. Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word from Lesson 8. bronch-, bronchi-. Word Surgery activity in MyLab Medical Terminology selects wrong letters. *lysis: refers to the decomposition, destruction in case such as paralysis but also as liberation, loosening in case of neurolysis The Ambulatory Surgery Coder is responsible for reviewing and abstracting patient medical records to assign diagnosis treatments, conditions, and procedures for hospital services. JUGULAR VEINS - The major veins on each side of the neck draining blood from the head towards the heart. No radiation is involved, but rather pulsed magnetic waves used to delineate the structures within the brain. SPINA BIFIDA - A congenital defect of the spine marked by the absence of a portion of the spine. my ga-strek-t-m plural gastrectomies : surgical removal of all or part of the stomach Did you know? Q. I am worried how safe the operation would be and the post surgery complications? A test to measure the amount of glucose concentration over a period of time. Webplural surgeries. Relating to the use of a viewing tube with a lens or camera (and a light on the end), which is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to examine the contents of the abdomen and remove tissue samples. Area between the chest and the hips that contains the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen. Referring to the sacrum, the wedge-shaped bone consisting of five fused vertebrae forming the posterior part of the pelvis. AMAUROSIS- Loss of vision without a visible lesion in the eye structures or optic nerve. DYSTONIA MUSCULORM DEFORMANS - An affliction, occurring especially in children, marked by muscular contractions producing distortions of the spin and hips. Vitamin B12 is necessary for creating new red blood cells, maintaining nervous system health, and growth and development in children. INTRACEREBRAL HEMATOMA - A blood clot within the brain. BIOPSY - Removal of a small portion of tissue, usually for making a diagnosis. Maxillo: refer to the jaw dbt intensive outpatient program nyc,